Your Burning Questions Answered...

  • What is WATER +

    What is WATER? Water is a common chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of life. In typical usage, water refers only to its liquid form or state, but the substance also has a solid state, ice, and a gaseous state, water vapor. About 1,460 teratonnes (Tt) of water covers 71% of the Earth's surface, mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground in aquifers and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation. Some of the Earth's Read More
  • Why is water important to human body? +

    Why is water important to human body? Body CompositionUntil recently, most medical theory was based on the assumption that the 20% of our body is solid tissue and that it determines our health, since that is where most outward signs of disease and illness are found. It was thought that the 80% of our body that is liquid merely supported the structure of bone and organ tissue. We now know the opposite to be true -- the fluids that flow through our body are what create our level of well being. The human body is a water machine, designed to run Read More
  • What are water related diseases & their causes? +

    What are water related diseases & their causes? SOME WATER-RELATED DISEASES AND THEIR CAUSATIVE ORGANISMS Disease Causative organisms Mode of Spread Symptoms BACTERIA Typhoid Salmonella typhi Ingestion of contaminated food, water, milk, unwashed raw vegetables and flies Continuous fever which progressively increases day by day, the temperature being higher in the evening than in the morning accompanied by body aches, headache and constipation, Hemorrhage from an ulceration in the small intestine Cholera Vibrio cholerae Ingestion of water or food contaminated by the bacteria from the stool of a cholera patient Painless diarrhea followed by vomiting; patient may pass 30 to Read More
  • What are common water quality problems? +

    What are common water quality problems? Common Aesthetic Problems and Solutions Symptom Probable Cause Treatments Hard water deposits on kettles, pots, hot water heaters, humidifiers Excess calcium Water softener Reverse Osmosis Anti-Scale Units Distillation Rusty red or brown staining of fixtures or laundry and/or your water has a metallic taste Excess iron Water softener Whole house iron filter Distillation Black staining of fixtures or laundry Excess manganese Water softener Whole house iron filter Distillation Rotten egg smell Hydrogen sulfide Manganese Greensand filter Water has laxative effect Excess sulfates Reverse Osmosis Distillation Water is gritty, muddy, or appears dirty Excess sand, Read More
  • What is water filtration? +

    What is water filtration? Water filters have a long history as a method of water purification, beginning as early as 2000 b.c.e. in ancient Egypt. Filtration has evolved from the simple Hippocratic sleeve of ancient Greece, made from cloth, to the complicated solid block carbon and multimedia water filters currently on the market. Water filtration is now the premier method of water purification, removing more water contaminants, more efficiently, than any other technique. The Process The filtration process involves some type of filter media, over which water flows. This filter media blocks passage of contaminants through physical obstruction, chemical adsorption, Read More
  • What is a membrane? +

    What is a membrane? Membranes are thin films of porous material which can be used for a number of chemical separations. Although many membranes are made from polymer films, membranes can be formed from ceramics, carbon fiber, and porous metal substrates. The pores can range from atomic dimensions (< 10 angstroms) to 100+ microns. How are membranes used? The small pores of the membranes can serve as a physical barrier, preventing passage of certain materials such as salt, bacteria and viruses while allowing the free passage of water and air. The desalination of water using reverse osmosis is a well Read More
  • What is ADR-Technology? +

    What is ADR-Technology? ADR-Technology™ stands for Advanced Dielectric Resonance Technology and consists of a special preparation process of dielectric ceramic material using a classical ceramic as a basis. Applying the optimum conditions of this synthesis results in a ceramic material with a defined microstructure and specific dielectric characteristics in a frequency range of 5 -10 MHz. The obtained ceramic material is a double-phase composite containing ceramics characterized by low frequency dielectric anomaly. The anomaly results in a very strong absorption of an alternating electric field. This absorption increases with decreasing frequency of the field. The effect is obtained due to Read More
  • What are the benefits of using water filters? +

    What are the benefits of using water filters? The answer is: endless. The most important benefits include: In order to capitalize on the health benefits of water, it is essential to draw from a clean source of water. Drinking impure, contaminated water is the leading cause of epidemic disease in developing countries. There are more than 2100 known drinking water contaminants that may be present in tap water, including several known poisons. Bottled water does not offer a viable alternative to filtered water. Municipal water treatment facilities cannot always control for the outbreak of dangerous bacterial contaminants in tap water. Read More
  • Why use shower filters? +

    Why use shower filters? Chlorine in drinking and general use water is the cause of major health problems. You should install a shower filter for the following reasons: The EPA has stated that every household in the United States has elevated levels of chloroform in the air due to chlorine released from showering water. Tap water often contains at least as much, if not more, chlorine than is recommended for use in swimming pools. More chlorine enters the body through dermal absorption and inhalation while showering than through drinking tap water. The chlorine in showering water has harsh, drying effects Read More
  • What are the origins of water hardness? +

    What are the origins of water hardness? Origin of water "hardness": Every household and every factory uses water. One class of impurity that is of special interest is "hardness". This refers to the presence of dissolved ions, mainly of calcium Ca2+ and magnesium Mg2+ which are acquired through contact with rocks and sediments in the environment. The positive electrical charges of these ions are balanced by the presence of anions (negative ions), of which bicarbonate HCO3- and carbonate CO32- are most important. These ions have their origins in limestone sediments and also from carbon dioxide which is present in all Read More
  • What are water softeners? +

    What are water softeners? Water softeners - why do you need them? It's easy to forget how important water is in our lives. Of course we need it in our diet, but in our homes, it's a tool--a fluid medium that carries material from one place to the next. And one of the reasons it does this job well is that it's very good at holding things, either by suspending them or dissolving them. Unlike most tools, though, water doesn't come with an instruction manual. If it did, you'd know why the dishes you thought were washed are covered with spots Read More
  • What is Ion-Exchange Process? +

    What is Ion-Exchange Process? The Process of Ion-exchange In the context of water purification, ion-exchange is a rapid and reversible process in which impurity ions present in the water are replaced by ions released by an ion-exchange resin. The impurity ions are taken up by the resin, which must be periodically regenerated to restore it to the original ionic form. (An ion is an atom or group of atoms with an electric charge. Positively-charged ions are called cations and are usually metals; negatively-charged ions are called anions and are usually non-metals). The following ions are widely found in raw waters: Read More
  • Bottled water - is it really better? +

    Bottled water - Is it really better? Bottled water - The reality... According to the National Water Quality Association, 56% of all people are worried about the quality of municipally treated tap water. This, along with the desire for better tasting drinking water, has fueled tremendous growth in the bottled water industry. But is bottled water really better than tap water?... The IndustryThe bottled water industry has become the target of some of the largest corporations in the world. Clorox Bleach Co., Pepsi Cola and Coca Cola are just a few of the recent entrees capitalizing on this highly lucrative market, with Read More
  • Chlorine - why should i be concerned? +

    Chlorine - why should i be concerned? Major Concerns Simply stated chlorine is a pesticide, as defined by the U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), which sole purpose is to kill living organisms. When we consume water containing chlorine, it destoys cells and tissues inside our body. Breast cancer, which now effects one in every eight women in North America, has recently been linked to the accumulation of chlorine compounds in the breast tissue. A study carried out in Hartford Connecticut found that, "women with breast cancer have 50% to 60% higher levels of organochlorines (chlorination byproducts) in their breast tissue than Read More
  • Lead - why should i be concerned? +

    Lead - why should i be concerned? Lead in Water Next to chlorine, lead is the most common contaminant found in tap water. Lead in drinking water usually originates between the water main in the street and the household faucet, so point-of-use treatment is the most logical or practical means of filtering this contaminant. Most lead in drinking water comes from lead lined pipes, lead solder and brass plumbing fixtures inside your home. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 98% of all homes have pipes, fixtures or solder joints in the household plumbing that can contribute some level of lead Read More
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